The world’s second largest religion, Islam, was founded in 622 CE, around a thousand years before the Christian Bible was written.
But it has always had a hidden and controversial history, as detailed by a new book by British-Pakistani scholar Dr Hameed Abul Kalam.
Dr Abul Halim, the author of ‘Hijab: The Secret History of the Islamic Dilemma’, said Islam was born in the 19th century in the Arab world, where the ruling rulers were often women.
They were the ones who would rule over the conquered and the conquered were the people who were subjugated.
“Women were the only people who could rule over these conquered peoples.
The Quran says, ‘The one who does not know what is good and what is evil, is a slave to evil’.” Dr Abun Kalam said the Quran had a very clear message that women should not have authority over men.
He added: “We are talking about women here, the slaves, the women who are used by the men to produce children, to have babies, and they should be allowed to rule over them.”
But Islam did not see women as slaves, he said, because they were “the servants of Allah”.
“They should be ruled over by the righteous, the pious, and the good ones.”
He said that in the Islamic world, women were considered “unclean”.
He also said it was very difficult for women to become a Muslim.
“The problem is that Islam is very strict, very conservative, very religious.
It has always been a male-dominated religion,” Dr Abumall said.
“So the problem with women is that there’s a lot of people who are attracted to the idea of Islam and the idea that they’re the ones that can change the world.”
Dr Abul Khalil, who teaches Islamic history and Islamic theology at Birmingham City University, said the religion had a lot to do with gender.
“There is a huge disparity in the roles and the status of women in the Quran,” he said.
He added that Islam has always existed in a patriarchal society.
“The first time that the Quran was written, it was a very misogynistic, very racist, very sexist society.
It was very violent and it was quite harsh,” he told The Independent.
“It was very misogynist and very misogynising.
So, it’s not surprising that Islam’s view on women is very patriarchal.”
“But it’s very different now.
Now Islam is about equality.
The view of women is changing and Islam has changed a lot,” he added.
Dr Abdul Kalam, a scholar at the Islamic Centre for Studies in Birmingham, said it wasn’t easy for the Muslim community to acknowledge the existence of the ‘dilemma’.
“I think for Muslims it’s quite difficult to be honest with the general public about this,” he explained.
But Dr Aburrahman said it could have been avoided if Muslims had made more effort to learn about the “real history of Islam”.
“We should have been more open, more honest about this history,” he says.
The book has sparked controversy in the Muslim world.
It was initially criticised by Muslims, who said it would “degrade Islam’s legitimacy”.
But the book has also attracted international attention, including from a group called the Muslim Council of Britain.
Its founder, Ahmed Baba Ali, told The Sunday Times: “There are many books out there, including the ones by the Muslim Brotherhood, that have taken place.
What this book does is give Muslims a historical perspective, and gives us a clear understanding of how Islam developed over the last 1,000 years.”
The Islamic Council of Great Britain, which represents a vast number of Muslims in Britain, said its members were “extremely disappointed” that Dr Abrullam’s book had been “misused” by extremists.
Mr Baba said: “This book should not be used to undermine the Muslim faith, but rather a valuable resource for those who wish to learn the history of the religion.”
In an interview with The Times newspaper, Mr Baba described his views on the book as “fair and balanced”.
He also said: ”This book does not represent Islam, it represents a minority of Muslims, and I’m very clear about that.
“I believe this book, which has been written by an extremist, is biased and wrong.”
A spokesperson for the Islamic Council said: “This book is an extremely important historical document and we are extremely disappointed that the Islamic Community Council has been misused by an intolerant minority who would try to silence our voice.”
The Islamic Community has always respected and welcomed debate and debate, and we will not be intimidated by such attacks.
“This is a developing story and we’ll update with more information as it becomes available.